DETECTING early cervical cancer does not always have to use the method of pap smears. A more simple and inexpensive like the IVA you can also apply.
Although it is possible be avoided, in fact, cervical cancer continues to threaten millions of lives of women in Indonesia. While national data is difficult to obtain, but based on hospital data revealed that at least one woman died from diseases caused by human papilloma virus (HPV) this.
Cervical cancer is caused by HPV is undeniable. The entire world has admitted it. Of the 100 types of HPV, the three most common types found in cervical cancer cases in Indonesia is 16, 18 and 52.
“HPV causes cervical cancer there are 19 types. But, 70 percent of cervical cancer cases in the world are caused by HPV types 16 and 18. In Indonesia, besides the two types, type 52 is also often found in patients with cervical cancer, “said the expert obstetrics and gynecology at the University of Indonesia, Andrijono, on the sidelines of an interim meeting of Asia-Oceania Research Organisation in Genital Infection and Neoplasia (AOGIN) in Bali, recently.
People who are infected with HPV will experience a phase called pre-cancerous lesions. From contracting the virus to turn into cancer, it takes an average of 7-10 years. Nevertheless, Andrijono mentioned, in certain cases, the process of development of cancer cells that can go faster.
“The case of cervical cancer occur in women the average age of 30-50 years or age. The age at which the mothers are still needed by their children. Imagine, how heavy socioeconomic burden caused by this disease, “he said.
Young and old woman at risk for cervical cancer. Risk has been there since the sexual contact was first made. There is one way you can do to prevent cervical cancer, which is as many as three kali.Vaksin vaccination can be given to teenagers that have not been sexually active, or in adult women who had HPV infection was diagnosed early, but managed to undergo treatment. A somewhat “unique”, patients who had been declared cured of HPV infection, still has the “opportunity” for contracting the virus again.
“The vaccine works effectively for 10-25 years. Thus, the possibility of being infected again is still there. Thus, you should continue regular screening. WHO recommendation is 10 years. But, we suggest, 3-5 years, “said one of the founders of Cervical Cancer Prevention Initiative Indonesia (IPKASI), Laila Nuranna.
Screening is one of the secondary effort to prevent cervical cancer. Screening can be done by Pap smear and VIA or visual inspection with acetic acid. Undergo pap smear for the economic bottom may still be considered expensive. It cost the average range is Rp75.000-1,000,000. While IVA cheaper cost. How to “work” was relatively easy.
“Acetic acid is the same with vinegar kitchen. The price is relatively murah.Tahapan workmanship, 25% diluted vinegar first to reach 3 percent. After that applied to the surface of the cervix. Wait for 1-2 minutes, if it appears white plaque, it means you went through a phase called pre-cancerous lesions. If so, do the treatment immediately. One of them with cryotherapy method, ie, therapy to destroy cancer cells through a cooling part that looks white cervix before, “said Laila.
So, effective IVA applied to detect cervical cancer? Laila replied, yes. “IVA komparibel kok with pap smears. This method also has no side effects. Similarly, the methods of cryotherapy, no harmful side effects, “said obstetrics and gynecology specialists that.
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