Violations of freedom of religion and belief seems still difficult missing in multicultural countries such as Indonesia.
The Wahid Institute research data shows during 2010 occurred 63 cases of violations of freedom of religion and belief or an average of five cases occurred each month.
More detailed offenders mentioned that the local government and police to become an institution in violation of the most widely recorded 31% and 36%. The rest done by the district authorities / sub 7%, 6% trial, TNI 5%, 3% Attorney General, Office of Religious Kementeriaan 1%, and Bakorpakem 1%.
Violations by the police in fact been done by institutions such as low Polsek and officers on the ground when performing their duties. The forms of abuse that often occurs that conviction and the imposition of restrictions on leaving a certain belief in the highest position ie 25 cases or 40%.
Another violation is the restriction of high houses of worship in the form of license revocation or infringement the use of houses of worship that is numbered 19 cases (30%). Usually, government officials questioning followed sealing licensing or prohibition of worship in that place.
Violations in other forms is of omission by the state apparatus against violence or restrictions on religious freedom by fellow civil society which numbered 15 cases (25%). Violations in this mode is almost always preceded by violence or assault a group of people to other groups such as the flow that are considered heretical houses of worship or who do not have permission.
Although the police presence in locations or know these actions, they do not take preventive or security means. What often happens instead police took the victims for questioning, but did not arrest the perpetrator.
Cases of intolerance action that occurred in the year 2010 amounted to 133 cases in 13 areas of monitoring. Based on the data findings, West Java and Banten region remains the highest levels of intolerance, such as in 2009. After that the follow DKI Jakarta, Central Java, North Sumatra, Aceh, West Nusa Tenggara and Sulawesi.
But changes in ratings occur where East Java rose to the second position to replace Jakarta in 2010 was down to third position. Of the total 133 cases during 2010, the monthly average occurred 11 times intolerant and discriminatory acts. Even apart in August, September, November and December, the numbers are always above 12 times.
In addition, data perpetrators of intolerance and discrimination action is dominated by the mass organizations as a key actor with 55%, followed by an organized group of individuals 20% and 15%.
Filed under: Religion |